Pilates is a fitness system developed by Joseph Pilates in the early 20s in Germany. It is a series of controlled movements which are performed on a special machine or on the floor. During a Pilates session you should concentrate deeply on your central muscles (stomach, lower back, hips, buttocks and thighs), contractions of the muscles of respiration and the quality (not quantity) of your movements.
The Pilates principles are not coming directly from the creator of Pilates. They are created based on the work of Joseph Pilates, but from the instructors who have inherited. Therefore, supporters of Pilates disagree about which principles are most important.
However the majority accepts that there are six principles that should be followed in Pilates workout:
The first basic principle of Pilates is connected with the control of the body’s movements. This principle should apply to all Pilates exercises that make and to the transition from one exercise to another. All exercises should be performed with muscle control without incongruous, uncontrolled movements.
If your attention is directed to the exercises you perform and you do it with full commitment, you will get the maximum results from each movement. It is necessary to establish a connection between your body and your mind.
3. Proper breathing
Proper breathing is an important part of Pilates exercises. Do not hold your breathe. It is easy to forget to fully inhale and exhale while you concentrated on specific movements which have to do. Maintain a relaxed, normal rhythm of breathing, because it gives you energy to perform the Pilates exercises correctly
Every movement in Pilates has a purpose. Negligence and omission of certain details, affects on the complete exercise. The aim is to make a precise and accurate drill.
5. Fluid of the movements
Unlike yoga, where you often have to stand in one position for 1-2 minutes, in Pilates you rarely need to keep in any position. You do not need to stop the movement between the different exercises. Control the ending of each exercise.
The big muscle group composed of muscles of the abdomen, lower back, hips, buttocks and thighs in Pilates is called source. All energy for Pilates exercises comes from that “source”. It is necessary to strengthen the center, the source or as modern instructors are calling, the core of the body.