The breast cancer is the most common cancer, which appears in women. The incidence of breast cancer is on the rise, but the good thing is that the breast cancer detected at an early stage is considered potentially curable. Although the disease most often occurs in women between 45 and 55 years, more often breast cancer is diagnosed in young girls. Because of this fact, it is very important to take measures for protection from a young age.
1. Maintain healthy weight, especially after menopause
Obesity in women is associated with increased risk of breast cancer. It is thought that obesity increases the risk of breast cancer by 40%. Also, women with overweight have a much harder fight against breast cancer after diagnosis. Keep the body mass index (BMI) below 25
2. Reduce the consumption of alcohol on minimum
If you drink alcohol in large amounts. you are increasing the risk of breast cancer. Studies have shown that drinking few alcoholic drinks per day increases the risk of cancer by 21%.
3. Let the exercising to be your priority
Regular exercise helps to maintain a healthy weight, strengthens immunity, reduces estrogen levels and therefore the risk of breast cancer. You should do at least 30 minutes of exercise per day, at least 5 days a week. Exercising can also help women who already have breast cancer better to bear the side effects of treatment and to recover faster after surgery.
4. Consider your family history
Women whose family have or had the case with breast cancer are at higher risk. Talk freely with your family and inform your doctor about possible breast cancer in any of your close ones. However, keep in mind that in most cases, breast cancer occurs in women in whose family was not present before.
5. Do regular breast examinations
The above mentioned measures are only reducing the risk, but unfortunately, they does not protect you completely. Secondary prevention, ie detecting the cancer at an early stage is crucial. It is recommended that you do self-checking on your breast once a month, starting from the age of 20s. Timing for self – checking is 3-5 days after the menstrual period.
It is recommended, the first mammography to be done around the 40th year. Women between the ages of 40 and 50 years should do mammography on every 2 years. After the 50th year, mammography should be done once a year
And do not forget, it is never too early or too late for changes. It does not matter if you have 15, 25 or 55 years. Change your life to enjoy good health.