Aronia has round form, which most resembles on the fruit of blueberries. It is called Siberian blueberry for two reasons. The first one is because it can survive on very low temperatures and the second one is that although it originated in North America it is most widespread in Russia
Aronia tolerates cold winter and can survive on -45 degrees. It is a plant that grows in the shape of the bush and if there is enough space can reach a height of about 2 meters. Its fruit has many healing properties. North American Indians have used aronia for food. They have dried and grinded the fruits and have combined them with meat. This fruit is used for stomach upsets and for stopping the bleeding from a wound.
- Aronia melanocarpa
- Aronia prunifolia
- Aronia arbutifolia
The fruits of the black chokeberry are extremely rich in vitamins. It contains vitamin C, A, E, B2, B6, B9 and very rare vitamin P. The minerals include potassium, calcium, iron, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus and iodine. It also contains a high concentration of antioxidants (tannins, flavonoids, anthocyanins, catechins) and is considered to be greater antioxidant than cranberry. It is therefore useful in the prevention against malignant diseases, effectively cleanses the body from harmful materials and even heavy metals.
It stimulates circulation, purifies the blood, relieves headaches and migraines, lowers blood pressure, has beneficial effect on the stomach and intestines, prevents diarrhea, increases the immune system and prevents the development of viral and bacterial infections. It is particularly important to say that aronia regulates proper functioning and secretion of the hormone of the thyroid gland, and regulates the work of the pancreas, and may be useful in treating diabetes because it lowers the blood sugar.